Getting In Shape

I decided to use the forced idleness caused by sheltering in place from Covid-19 to get in top shape.

I cut out all sugar, fat, meat, and salt.

I run 4 miles a day and do 100 pushups and 300 situps in four sessions.

I quit drinking.

I have lost 10 pounds and gained muscle mass.

I feel great! I should have done this years ago.


____________________________

Procrastinators April Fool.  I did not and cannot do the above.

Be honest now. How many of you believed it, at least for a few lines? 

Fess up!

Scandanavia - Covid-19



Most of Scandinavia is doing well with the Covid-19 virus.  Four of the countries took aggressive steps to shut down the spread of the virus.

Sweden, however, took a different approach. They have kept their restaurants open and have not shut down their economy.

So we have a live, somewhat controlled experiment.  Sweden will likely end up with many more deaths, with a stronger economy.

Of course, we will have to wait and see the final results, which may take quite a long time.

The prime minister of all the countries is a women, except, of course, Sweden. Go figure.


Data is from:



6:18 Eastern TimeApril 19, 2020
Source

Finland Led By Women Under 35

Teachers

The virus hitched a ride into Heinsberg, a rural district of farmland, ponds and brick houses along the Dutch border, in mid-February. An infected couple had unknowingly brought it along with them to a Carnival celebration with hundreds of people. Since then Heinsberg has been Germany’s canary in the coal mine, the place the country watched for what might happen a few weeks into the future. Now it’s a test case again, this time for what happens when you open schools during a pandemic.

Social distancing has almost universally been synonymous with enforced homeschooling—or at least parents making the attempt. “Been homeschooling a six-year-old and eight-year-old for one hour and 11 minutes,” Shonda Rhimes, a television producer, tweeted soon after California schools closed. “Teachers deserve to make a billion dollars a year. Or a week.”

Photographer: Lukas Schulze/Getty Images Europe

Photographer: Lukas Schulze/Getty Images Europe

Deaths - Wars and Disease




The Table above compares deaths by combat and deaths by disease. You can take these numbers with a grain of salt.
Many of the deaths shown for wars were likely by disease.

In the Civil War far more soldiers died from disease than from combat. I broke those deaths out by US and Confederate and combat and non combat, mostly disease.


The Spanish Flu was by far the greatest killer. Many of the deaths described to WWI were likely Spanish Flu Deaths.

"Far more of the country's military personnel perished from infectious diseases than from enemy action. This enduring feature of war was finally reversed in World War II, chiefly as a result of major medical advances in prevention (vaccines) and treatment (antibiotics). Safeguarding the health of a command is indispensable for the success of any campaign. Wars are lost by disease, which causes an enormous drain on the military's resources and affects both strategy and tactics. Disease and combat mortality data from America's principal wars (1775-present) fall into two clearly defined time periods: the Disease Era (1775-1918), during which infectious diseases were the major killer of America's armed forces, and the Trauma Era (1941-present), in which combat-related fatalities predominated."


1918 Spanish Flu


Photos show the precautions US cities took to 'flatten the curve' during the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic

insider@insider.com (Katie Canales)

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The Red Cross Motor Corps on duty in St Louis, Missouri, in October 1918.

The Red Cross Motor Corps on duty in St Louis, Missouri, in October 1918.

  • The Spanish Flu of 1918 was one of the worst pandemics in history, eventually killing 50 million people worldwide.

  • The virus hit in three waves, with the second during the fall of 1918 specifically spelling devastation on US soil.

  • Cities across the country shut down churches and schools, required residents to wear masks, and erected makeshift hospitals to help fight the disease.

A century before the coronavirus disease — known as COVID-19 — dominated the global consciousness, another deadly virus rampaged across the world.

Researchers have since established that the Spanish Flu of 1918, now known as H1N1, originated from an avian strain that mutated to be able to infect humans. The flu's symptoms resembled those a cold's. Patients would sometimes present with a liquid that would pool in their lungs and eventually suffocate them.

The influenza virus eventually killed 50 million people across the globe, and including 675,000 Americans, the equivalent of 225 to 450 million people today, as CBS News reports.

But cities across the country, from St. Louis to San Francisco, implemented measures in an attempt to fight the contagion head-on.

From fresh-air treatments to gargling saltwater, here are some of the precautions that public health and city officials took when the Spanish Flu ravaged the US in 1918 and 1919.

The contagion was dubbed the Spanish Flu for its believed origin in Spain. However, the exact origin is still unclear — some have suggested France, China, or the US.



Paris during the Spanish Flu pandemic in March 1919.

Paris during the Spanish Flu pandemic in March 1919.

There were three waves of the Spanish Flu, but the second bout of the disease was especially catastrophic for the US in the late summer of 1918.



A barracks hospital on the campus of Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado in 1918.

A barracks hospital on the campus of Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado in 1918.

Source: History

It was brought by World War I soldiers returning home from Europe, and as the men dispersed to their respective home cities or stations, the contagion burgeoned across the country.



Doctors giving treatment to an influenza patient at the US Naval Hospital in New Orleans, 1918.

Doctors giving treatment to an influenza patient at the US Naval Hospital in New Orleans, 1918.

Source: History

There wasn't a vaccine for the virus, so the primary precautions that local and state governments took were banning public gatherings and shutting down schools, churches, and movie theatres.



Precautions taken during the influenza epidemic in 1918.

Precautions taken during the influenza epidemic in 1918.

Military personnel was told to gargle saltwater as a preventive measure against the contagion, since the virus was thought to be spread by nasal and throat mucus.



Men are seen gargling with salt and water at the War Garden at Camp Dix, New Jersey, September 1918.

Men are seen gargling with salt and water at the War Garden at Camp Dix, New Jersey, September 1918.

The US had funneled most of its resources into World War I efforts, so additional funding was passed to hire healthcare workers, such as nurses, to help with the outbreak.



Women enroll nurses in 1918.

Women enroll nurses in 1918.

Source: NBC Bay Area

Mask-wearing was widely adopted in the US.



Baseball players wear masks during the influenza epidemic of 1918.

Baseball players wear masks during the influenza epidemic of 1918.

Cities mandated that residents wear masks at all times, a requirement that lasted well after quarantines ended in some locales.



A typist wears a mask while working at her office desk during the 1918 influenza epidemic.

A typist wears a mask while working at her office desk during the 1918 influenza epidemic.

Source: Variety

Law enforcement, like the 1,700 officers within the Boston Police Department, were given masks to wear while on duty.



An American policeman wearing a 'Flu Mask' to protect himself from the outbreak of Spanish flu in November 1918.

An American policeman wearing a 'Flu Mask' to protect himself from the outbreak of Spanish flu in November 1918.

Cities like San Francisco took that advice to the next level, even writing a law around it. If a person was caught without a mask in public or even wearing it improperly, they were arrested or fined.

San Francisco was lauded for its proactive response to the virus, but city officials relaxed their restrictions following the fall of 1918. After the third wave in the spring of 1919, San Francisco ended up with some of the highest death rates of the flu in the US.

Source: CBS News

Though some studies conducted later on found mask-wearing was not as effective as previously believed in containing the outbreak.



Red Cross volunteers in Oakland from the Piedmont Chapter of the Red Cross create masks during the Spanish Flu pandemic in October 1918.

Red Cross volunteers in Oakland from the Piedmont Chapter of the Red Cross create masks during the Spanish Flu pandemic in October 1918.

Source: StanfordHistory

San Francisco was eventually one of the worst-hit US cities, but Philadelphia was hit hard early on because of a lack of social distancing efforts.



Philadelphia society matron, Mrs. JL Ackerson, as she acts as a chauffeur for Fleet Hospital during the 1918 Spanish Flu epidemic.

Philadelphia society matron, Mrs. JL Ackerson, as she acts as a chauffeur for Fleet Hospital during the 1918 Spanish Flu epidemic.

Source: History

Cities like St. Louis, Missouri, were more proactive in initially addressing the spread of the flu by enforcing social distancing early on, a feat that proved useful in stunting the spread of the flu.



The Red Cross Motor Corps on duty in St Louis, Missouri, in October 1918.

The Red Cross Motor Corps on duty in St Louis, Missouri, in October 1918.

The city's health commissioner quickly called for schools and movie theatres to close and for public gatherings to be banned after an outbreak was found at a military barracks nearby.

As infections grew by the thousands, volunteer nurses treated residents in their homes.



The Red Cross Motor Corps carry a patient on a stretcher in St. Louis, Missouri, in October 1918.

The Red Cross Motor Corps carry a patient on a stretcher in St. Louis, Missouri, in October 1918.

The precautions that St. Louis took helped the city in "flattening the curve," but the Missouri city was hit hard when the flu returned the following spring in 1919 in what would be the third wave of the flu, just as San Francisco was.

City buildings and venues across the US were converted into hospitals and treatment sites, like Oakland's Civic Auditorium to accommodate the growing number of cases grew.



The Oakland Civic Auditorium was converted into a makeshift infirmary in 1918.

The Oakland Civic Auditorium was converted into a makeshift infirmary in 1918.

A makeshift flu hospital was set up in San Francisco's Civic Center to help care for infected patients.



An emergency flu hospital staffed by US Navy Hospital corpsman in Civic Center in San Francisco in 1918.

An emergency flu hospital staffed by US Navy Hospital corpsman in Civic Center in San Francisco in 1918.

Another practice that officials, specifically in Massachusetts, believed to be effective was "fresh air treatments."



An outdoor fresh air cure in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1918.

An outdoor fresh air cure in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1918.

Some public health officials believed that fresh air counteracted the spread of the virus, so some events like court proceedings were held outside.



Court is held outdoors in a park due to the Influenza Epidemic, San Francisco, 1918.

Court is held outdoors in a park due to the Influenza Epidemic, San Francisco, 1918.

The idea was that the ventilation provided by fresh air would help in curing the disease, which was believed to be spread through respiratory mucus.



An influenza camp in Lawrence, Maine, where patients were given fresh air treatment.

An influenza camp in Lawrence, Maine, where patients were given fresh air treatment.

Walks and breaths of fresh air were also encouraged to help stave off infection.



Women from the Department of War take 15-minute walks to breathe in fresh air every morning and night to ward off the influenza virus during World War I in 1918.

Women from the Department of War take 15-minute walks to breathe in fresh air every morning and night to ward off the influenza virus during World War I in 1918.

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History Repeating Itself







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