Aug 25, 2016

Native Americans - We Are They





The conventional view of the settlement of America is that white Europeans immigrated to North America, stole the land, and killed most of the Native Americans. The few survivors were driven to reservations, where a relative few descendants live today.

This view is partially incorrect. Murder and mayhem did occur but what happened in many cases is that white and Native Americans intermarried and interbred. The second and third generation American often was a product of European, Native American, and African genes.  Continuing immigration of white settlers gradually increased the percentage of European contribution to the population. Our ancestors gradually forgot their origins and that they were part Native American.

The early settlers in the 1600's and 1700's were tough people immigrating to a difficult environment.  There were many young men coming to the new world to make their fortune. They often came without wives or their wives died in childbirth.  They did what was natural and what occurs whenever two population groups come together - they intermarried.  Who did these settlers marry if not Native American women? I have it on good scientific authority that women are required for the creation of descendants.

When two populations come into contact they usually interact, socialize, and intermarry to form a new population group.  This takes place in all countries. In North and South America there are a number of countries that proudly recognize their Native American roots. Mexico and Chile are two prominent examples. But Argentina and the US are examples of countries where large ongoing European immigration continued to dilute the original population mix.

Improved immunity from disease favored intermarriage. Children of Native Americans and immigrants would have better immunity to old and new world diseases.

Our history is full of conflicts and short wars between colonists and Native Americans. The wars get a lot of publicity and are a big part of our historical understanding of the past. But relatively few Native Americans and settlers killed in the Indian wars. For the most part they peacefully traded and interacted and intermarried.

Marriage of Pocahantas and John Rolfe
There are numerous accounts of intermarriage. The marriage of Pocahontas to John Rolfe is perhaps the best known example. But there is little historic memory of intermarriage since it was not very noteworthy. People simply married and had children. Their children did the same and after a few generations little was remembered about the origins of the great and great great great grandparents.

Both my wife and I have family histories that indicate that one or more of our distant ancestors were Native American. And most of the known intermarriage would have occurred in the 1600 and 1700’s, when much of the European immigration were young men. And in the early years the population of the country was majority Native American.

Most of the social intercourse among Native Americans and colonists would have occurred at the edge of the colonial settlement.  And this line very slowly moved west, allowing for many years of opportunities for trade, sexual intercourse, and marriage. It took several hundred years to move the line of European settlement to move from the Atlantic coastline to the lands east of the Appalachian mountains

Disease also played a part. Europeans brought diseases which heavily impacted Native Americans who had no natural immunity to old world disease. And the Americas were the home of diseases for which Europeans had little native immunity. A person carrying both European and Native American genes had better immunity and a better chance of surviving and passing on his genes. The hardy survivors intermarried and passed on their immunities to their descendants.

Most people do not know their complete ethnic heritage back over 3 or 4 generations.  There are roughly 10 generations back to pre colonial America.  Ten generations equals 1024 forbears. Virtually no one knows the background or makeup of all of their 1024 ancestors.

I can only follow a dozen or so names back to the colonial era. Most of these were male lines who kept their last name. It is much more difficult to determine the ancestry of the women they married, who changed their name with each marriage.  And some of them were probably Native American - more then my one known Native American ancestor.

In Mexico, for example, male ancestors are often of European descent while female ancestors were Native Americans. This follows the pattern of the conqueror, with better technology and wealth who successfully father the most children. The same situation prevailed in the US, but with ongoing waves of European immigration overwhelming the Native American contribution.

References

http://dna-explained.com/2012/12/18/proving-native-american-ancestry-using-dna/

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2012/05/elizabeth_warren_says_she_s_1_32nd_native_american_how_many_people_have_that_heritage_.html

http://minglecity.com/group/knowledgeisking/forum/topics/black-native-americans-in-the

http://stuffwhitepeopledo.blogspot.com/2009/06/claim-they-have-native-american-blood.html


Aug 22, 2016

The 1993 Chicago World's Fair

Your ticket to the White City


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The World’s Fair was held in Chicago’s Jackson Park. It was a monumental feat. Millions of travelers who flocked to Chicago for the Fair were faced with the stark juxtaposition of architect Daniel Burnham’s White City and the soot-stained, crime-ridden urban environment beyond the fairgrounds.

New York Worlds Fair 1964-65






The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair was envisioned as a "universal and international" exposition, the fair's theme was "Peace Through Understanding", dedicated to "Man's Achievement on a Shrinking Globe in an Expanding Universe".

The fair showcased American culture and technology.  More than 51 million people attended the fair,  but the fair was a financial failure.

Click to read more about the Fair

nywf64.com - 1964 / 1965 New York World's Fair 1964 / 1965

www.nywf64.com/

nywf64.com presents the 1964 / 1965 New York World's Fair experience. Re-live this 60's Space Age exposition through text and graphics!

1964 New York World's Fair 1965 - The Fair - The Story of the Fair ...

www.nywf64.com/fair_story01.shtml

The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair was the second World's Fair to be held at Flushing Meadows Park in the Borough of Queens, New York in the 20th ...

What Remains of the 1964-65 New York World's Fair? - Imagineering ...

www.imagineeringdisney.com/.../what-remains-of-the-1964-65-new-york-worlds-fair...

Feb 6, 2013 - In my last post I shared some Then and Now photos from my visit to the site of the 1964-65 New York World's Fair. In this post I share a few ...

1964 World's Fair: When the world came to Queens - New York Daily ...

creative.nydailynews.com/worldsfair

New York Daily News
The 1964-65 World's Fair opened April 22, 1964 and brought excitement to a city and a nation still grieving for an assassinated president. The social upheaval of ...

1964: The New York World's Fair - The Atlantic

www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/.../1964...new-york-worlds-fair/100749...

The Atlantic
Jun 2, 2014 - The theme of the 1964 World's Fair in New York City was "Peace Through Understanding". 650 acres of pavilions, public spaces and displays ...

20 Awesome Things People Saw at the 1964 World's Fair | Mental Floss

mentalfloss.com/article/.../20-awesome-things-people-saw-1964-worlds-f...

Mental Floss
Apr 22, 2014 - It was 50 years ago today that the 1964–'65 World's Fair opened in New York City, bringing a plethora of innovative exhibits to Flushing ...

Stock Footage - TO THE FAIR! 1964 World's Fair in New York City ...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1U4zNx_eqQ0

Mar 19, 2012 - Uploaded by MyFootage.com
TO THE FAIR! Wonderful film documenting the 1964 World's Fair in New YorkCity. This clip is available for ...

50 Years After the New York World's Fair, Recalling a Vision of the ...

www.nytimes.com/interactive/.../worlds-fair-1964-memories.ht...

The New York Times
Apr 18, 2014 - Fairgoers share memories of family outings and moments of inspiration at the 1964 New York World's Fair.