Jun 20, 2018


Charlemagne  2 April 742 – 28 January 814
Charlemagne was a very impressive King who was the Holy Roman Emperor in the year 800. If you have European ancestry you are likely descended from him. Note the family resemblance. You and he are good looking, don't you think?

Kings and Queens were wealthy and produced numerous offspring. Most people alive today are descended from wealthy famous leaders. And now you may find the path that shows how you are descended from big mucky mucks.

"Charlemagne sired at least 18 children by motley wives and concubines, including Charles the Younger, Pippin the Hunchback, Drogo of Metz, Hruodrud, Ruodhaid, and not forgetting Hugh." His descendants often had large families, eventually leading to many of us.

Go to the Church of the Latter-Day Saints Familysearch.org  program.  The program combines your genealogy into their very large database and provides numerous connections back to ancient times.  You have to sign in tofamilysearch.org to use the system - it is free. After you put yourself and your parents and grandparents into the system it integrates your data into their enormous database, and you will family trees that can in many cases go way back in time. Many of them eventually link to Queens and Kings.

Another interesting thing to do is to find if and when you are related to your spouse. My wife and I both have ancestry back to Charlemagne and some other big mucky mucks. So she is both my Queen and my cousin.  A little kinky but interesting.

Have fun..  Let me know if you are my cousin.

The article on the link below explains how you are likely to be descended from Charlemagne.

All Men May Not Be Brothers, But We Are Cousins

'Most recent common ancestor' of all living humans surprisingly recent

New Haven, Conn. -- In this week's issue of Nature, a Yale mathematician presents models showing that the most recent person who was a direct ancestor of all humans currently alive may have lived just a few thousand years ago.

"While we may not all be 'brothers,' the models suggest we are all hundredth cousins or so," said Joseph T. Chang, professor in the Department of Statistics at Yale University and senior author on the paper.

Chang established the basis of this research in a previous publication with an intentionally simplified model that ignored such complexities as geography and migration. Those precise mathematical results showed that in a world obeying the simplified assumptions, the most recent common ancestor would have lived less than 1,000 years ago. He also introduced the "identical ancestors point," the most recent time -- less than 2,000 years ago in the simplified model -- when each person was an ancestor to all or ancestor to none of the people alive today.

The current paper presents more realistic mathematical and computer models. It incorporates factors such as socially driven mating, physical barriers of geography and migration, and recorded historical events. Although such complexities make pure mathematical analysis difficult, it was possible to integrate them into an elaborate computer simulation model. The computer repeatedly simulated history under varying assumptions, tracking the lives, movements, and reproduction of all people who lived within the last 20,000 years.

These more realistic models estimate that the most recent common ancestor of mankind lived as recently as about 3,000 years ago, and the identical ancestors point was as recent as several thousand years ago. The paper suggests, "No matter the languages we speak or the color of our skin, we share ancestors who planted rice on the banks of the Yangtze, who first domesticated horses on the steppes of the Ukraine, who hunted giant sloths in the forests of North and South America, and who labored to build the Great Pyramid of Khufu."

The results can also work backwards, into the future. According to Chang, "Within two thousand years, it is likely that everyone on earth will be descended from most of us."

Other authors are Douglas L.T. Rhode of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Steve Olson of Bethesda, MD. The National Institutes of Health supported this research.

Citation: Nature 431: (September 30, 2004). For solicited commentary on this paper, see News & Views and supplementary material in the same issue.

Jun 4, 2018

I&N Canal


The I&M Canal was the final link in a national plan to connect different regions of the vast North American continent via waterways. Linking the waters of the Illinois River (and ultimately the Mississippi River) with those of Lake Michigan, the idea of the canal went back to Louis Jolliet and the early French fur traders of the 1670s.

The years between 1800 and 1850 have been characterized as the Canal Era in U. S. history. Since the birth of the new nation, American leaders recognized the urgent need for a network of internal improvements to ease the problem of continental transportation. The success of the Erie Canal, completed in 1825, marked a period of intensive canal building in the U. S. This chapter in our nation’s history has been largely overlooked, as most historians have focused on the railroads as the prime force behind America’s economic development.

Construction of the I&M Canal and the sale of canal lands brought thousands of people streaming into northeastern Illinois in the mid to late 1830s, and those who braved the hazards of this frontier outpost quickly realized the necessity of improving transportation. Contemporary accounts of stagecoach travel emphasize the perils and discomforts of traversing rutted paths that passed for roads. Much of the region consisted of wet prairie, and spring rains and melting snow turned the trails into quagmires.

In 1847, a reporter took a trip by stagecoach along the route of the soon to be completed I&M Canal. He noted that the ride “was as uncomfortable as any enemy, if we had one, could desire. They made progress at the rate of less than three miles an hour; the weather was intensely hot; and not a breath of air was stirring; the horses and carriage raised any quantity of dust, which, of course, rose only high enough to fill the carriage.” Another traveler noted that a long stagecoach ride “left one more dead than alive.” Canal travel promised a new level of comfort and convenience.

Few events in Chicago’s history were more eagerly anticipated than the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. The digging of the most massive public works project ever attempted in the young state of Illinois, digging began on July 4, 1836. Many hoped the canal could be completed in a few years, but in 1837 the nation suffered its first major depression, and by 1840, Illinois teetered toward bankruptcy. Work on the canal largely ceased until New York, English, and French financiers invested $1.6 million to jump-start the stalled project in 1845. It took 12 years of on-again, off-again labor to construct the canal, which finally opened in April of 1848.

This information taken https://iandmcanal.org/  The site has a great deal of information and photos.

I&M Canal

The I&M Canal was the final link in a national plan to connect different regions of the vast North American continent via waterways. Linking the waters of the ...

Illinois and Michigan Canal - Wikipedia

The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the .... Sable Creek. Goose Lake Prairie F&WA, Morris, IL. Lock #3, Lockport, IL. Historic Route 66, Illinois Route 53, and I&M Canal overlap in Joliet, IL ...

Illinois and Michigan Canal - Encyclopedia of Chicago

Upon its completion in 1848, the Illinois & Michigan Canal joined the Chicago River ... The I&M Canalwas the first inland canal to begin to shift from mule-drawn ...

I&M Canal Trail - Greenways and Trails - Illinois.gov

History buffs, nature lovers and sportsmen will thrill to the sights and sounds of the 96-mile route of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (I&M Canal). Along its banks ...

I & M Canal - LaSalle Illinois - Mule Pulled Boat Rides

Board the I&M Canal Boat and enjoy the scenery, history, and relaxation of a mule-pulled ride on the historic Illinois & Michigan Canal. Group tours & day trips ...
History · ‎Picture Gallery · ‎Directions & Map · ‎About

I&M Canal Trail - TrailLink

https://www.traillink.com › Find Trails › Illinois
 Rating: 4 - ‎62 reviews
The Illinois and Michigan Canal State Trail follows the eponymous waterway alongside the Illinois River. The trail runs along the old canal towpath from LaSalle ...

What is the I&M Canal National Heritage Area? | Canal Corridor

It's a place to discover why the I&M Canal led to Illinois becoming the nation's most populous inland state and Chicago the greatest city of the American ...

Canal Corridor

Check out our I&M Canal National Heritage Area visitor website at iandmcanal.org for upcoming events and information on the I&M Canal National Heritage ...

I & M Canal Photographs, 1859-1948 (Lewis University)

Illinois and Michigan Canal Historic Photographs is a collection that includes 314 images--that of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (I&M Canal), which in 1848 ...